Ethics. Research. Community.

Relationship of psychological morbidity and quality of life to illness-related disclosure among HIV-infected persons.

Journal of psychosomatic research. 
[Record Source: PubMed]
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV-related disclosure and quality of life, anxiety and depression among HIV-infected subjects in South India. METHODOLOGY: 68 subjects (35 men and 33 women) were assessed for quality of life and psychological morbidity using WHOQOL-BREF and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Details of disclosure were collected using a semistructured interview. RESULTS: Certain disclosure-related variables appear to relate significantly with quality of life among HIV-infected persons. A positive outcome related to disclosure and extent to which a subject felt the need to disclose were significantly associated with higher scores on the total quality of life measure and in the social and environmental domains of the WHOQOL-BREF. No relationship was found between disclosure-related variables and psychological morbidity or other domains of quality of life. The type of disclosure (voluntary/without consent) did not appear to influence quality of life in this sample. CONCLUSION: Disclosure-related variables may have an important influence on QOL in the context of HIV infection in India.
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