Ethics. Research. Community.

[Fulminating pneumococcal septicemia in a 2 year old child with sickle cell anemia]

Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde. 
[Record Source: PubMed]
A 2-year-old boy known with homozygous sickle cell anaemia became acutely ill at home. Despite intensive care, he died a few hours later due to pneumococcal septicaemia. In young children with homozygous sickle cell anaemia, spleen function is already severely impaired in childhood due to haemolysis and frequent vaso-occlusive episodes. These children therefore have an elevated susceptibility to severe invasive infections with encapsulated bacteria. Vaccination against pneumococci at-2 years of age, re-vaccination every 3-5 years, and antibiotic prophylaxis until 5 years of age, and thereafter with possible infections, are therefore necessary.
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